The term “sexual offense” is typically used to describe any prohibited sexual act or behavior in which there is a victim and perpetrator. The general public is able to view details of an offender’s crimes using a service such as the one CheckThem.com offers.
Each state has their own sex offender registration system that is established to track the whereabouts of those convicted of sexual offenses. These registries include residential records of convicted local sex offenders as well as those who have fulfilled their criminal sentences. State databases usually connect with The National Sex Offender Registry, a service of The U.S. Department of Justice. This registry was established in 2005 (although states began requiring registration in 1994 after Congress enacted an early registration law). This updated law was named in honor of a 22-year-old college student named Dru Sjodin who was kidnapped and murdered by a registered sex offender in Minnesota. States are required to conform to federal guidelines since the Adam Walsh Act of 2006 which included the Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act (SORNA) provision.
Those who are required to register are also limited when it comes to where they can live and work. Most states have laws that restrict offenders from living within a couple thousand feet of a school, daycare facility, church, park or buildings where children congregate in addition to being in close proximity to individuals under the age of 18. Those who are on probation or parole are required to adhere to restrictions concerning firearm ownership and voting privileges.
In addition to the public databases and national registry, other methods of disclosure can include community notices, government resources and t hird party websites and resources.
Most local agencies categorize offenders into three groups based on their risk of reoffending:
Under the aforementioned Adam Walsh Act, offenses are categorized by severity which directly correlates to how long an individual has to register. Tier III offenses are considered the most severe and require lifetime registration and quarterly verification. These are typically violent offenses or those carried out under threat. Tier II offenses require a 25 year registration and semiannual verification. These crimes are generally non-violent, sometimes involving minors. Tier I offenses require a 15 year registration period with annual verification and can include felonies and misdemeanors. These are usually nonviolent crimes where the victim is at or over the age of consent.
Now that you have a better understanding of this service and how it works, check out articles and related news about national sex offenders, related sexual crimes and registration on the CheckThem.com blog: